Bowl barrow and a section of boundary bank at Henley Nap

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016822

Date first listed: 07-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow and a section of boundary bank at Henley Nap
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: All Stretton

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Ratlinghope

National Grid Reference: SO 42793 96862

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow at Henley Nap is a well-preserved example of this class of monument. The barrow mound will retain evidence for its method of construction as well as the burial or burials within it. These remains will advance our understanding of Bronze Age society, including the ritual practices and technical abilities of these people. The accumulated ditch fills will preserve environmental evidence for the activities which took place at the site during the construction of the barrow, and its subsequent use. In addition the buried ground surface beneath the mound will preserve evidence for the prehistoric landscape in which the barrow was built. The monument now occupies a prominent position in the landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Bronze Age bowl barrow and a section of an adjacent boundary bank, situated on level ground from which there are extensive views of the surrounding countryside in all directions. It lies approximately 350m north west of the barrows at Duckley Nap and Robin Hood's Butts, which are the subject of separate schedulings. The earthen mound of the barrow is about 15m in diameter and survives to a height of 1m. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrow, surrounds the mound. This has been infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature, approximately 3m wide. A boundary bank crosses the barrow on its north eastern side (this feature also crosses the barrow at Duckley Nap). The bank is a long established feature, depicted on early editions of Ordnance Survey maps. A section of the boundary bank crossing the barrow is included in the scheduling in order to protect its archaeological relationship with the barrow. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32284

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing